Sexual education for adolescents: parent role in rural area


Mail Ema Waliyanti(1*)
Mail Ratna Ajeng Dewantari(2)

(1) Nursing Study Program, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Nursing Study Program, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author
10.31101/jhtam.2050| Abstract views : 415 | PDF views : 214


Health problems faced by adolescents when they are very varied and related to risky sexual behavior. Sexual education is currently still considered taboo by the public because it is less appropriate to talk about and is private. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of parents in sexual education in adolescents. This study uses a qualitative research method with a phenomenological approach. Data were collected by means of in-depth interviews with 12 participants who were determined by purposive sampling. The saturation data with 5 parent and 7 adolescents. Data validity test used source triangulation, member cheking, peer debrifing, and thick description. Data analysis using open code 4.03 software. This research is ethical with number No. 020 / EC-KEPK FKIK UMY / I / 2021.  The results showed that the role of parents in providing sex education to adolescents was caused by several factors, namely the closeness of children to their parents, parental education, parental divorce, parents' perceptions of sex education, perceptions of the importance of sex education, and parenting styles of parents to child, which affect the optimal role of parents in sex education for their children. To conclude, it is important for parents to provide sexual education to prevent risky sexual behavior, such as providing sexual education for adolescents, giving advice to children, supervising children's relationships, and providing rules for children.


Adolescent; Parent Sexual; Education

Full Text:



Achora, Thupayagale, & Tshweneagae. (2018). Perceptions of adolescents and teachers on school-based sexuality education in rural primary schools in Uganda. Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare, 17(1), 12–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.srhc.2018.05.002

Adawiah. (2017). The Parenting and Its Implications for Children’s Education: A Study on the Dayak Community in Parenting and Its Implications on Children’s Education (The Study Case of the Dayak Community in Halong District, Balangan Regency). 7(1), 33–48. http://dx.doi.org/10.20527/kewarganegaraan.v7i1.3534

Anggraeni. (2017). The Factors Associated with Parents’ Knowledge Level of Sexual Education in Early Childhood at Kartika Elementary School Class VIII-5 South Jakarta in 2014. 1(2), 23–28. ttps://doi.org/10.29313/ga.v1i2.3383

Bauer, Hämmerli, & Leeners. (2020). Unmet Needs in Sex Education—What Adolescents Aim to Understand About Sexuality of the Other Sex. Journal of Adolescent Health, 67(2), 245–252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.02.015

BKKBN. (2017). Regulation of the Head of the National Population and Family Planning Agency Number 24 of 2017 concerning Post-partum and Post-Miscarriage Family Planning Services. In Jakarta: BKKBN.

Bloomberg, Dugravot, & Dumurgier. (2021). Sex differences and the role of education in cognitive ageing: analysis of two UK-based prospective cohort studies. Environ. Res. Public Health Nature The Lancet Public Health, 6(2), 106–115.

Cheedalla, Moreau, & Burke. (2020). Sex education and contraceptive use of adolescent and young adult females in the United States: an analysis of the National Survey of Family Growth 2011–2017. 10(2). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conx.2020.100048

Chen, Dunne, & Han. (2017). Prevention of child sexual abuse in China: Knowledge, attitudes, and communication practices of parents of elementary school children. Child Abuse and Neglect, 31(7), 747–755. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2006.12.013

Ciptiasrini, & Astarie. (2002). Parents’ Perception and Role on Giving Sexual Education to Children. Jurnal Kebidanan Dan Keperawatan Aisyiyah, 16(1), 19–26.

Devi, Soekardi, & Kurniasih. (2019). The Relationship between the Implementation of 8 Family Functions and the Attitudes of Yogyakarta High School Students Against Juvenile Delinquency (Klithih) in Yogyakarta in 2019. Medika Respati, 14(2), 132. https://doi.org/10.35842/mr.v14i2.249

Gaol, L., & Stevanus. (2019). Sex Education in Teens. FIDEI, 2(2), 325–343, 2(2), 325–343. https://doi.org/10.34081/fidei.v2i2.76

Goldfarb, & Lieberman. (2021). Three Decades of Research: The Case for Comprehensive Sex Education. Journal of Adolescent Health, 68(1), 13–27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.07.036

Haley, & Tordoff. (2019). Sex Education for Transgender and Non-Binary Youth: Previous Experiences and Recommended Content. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 16(11), 1834–1848. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2019.08.009

Haryani. (2015). The Role of Parents Related to Pre-Marital Sexual Behavior of Adolescents in SMKN 1 Sedayu. Journal Ners And Midwifery Indonesia, 3(3), 140–144.

Kasim. (2017). The Impact of Risky Sexual Behavior on Reproductive Health and its Handling Efforts. Pustaka Kesehatan, 3(1).

Lavie, & Ajayi. (2015). Informal Sex Education by Youth Practitioners. 28(5), 485–501. https://doi.org/10.1177/1103308819899564

Lestari, & Awaru. (n.d.). The Impact of Sexual Knowledge on Adolescent Sexual Behavior in Manggala District, Makassar City. 7(1), 21. https://doi.org/10.26858/sosialisasi.v0i0.13885

Leung, & Lin. (2019). Adolescent Sexual Risk Behavior in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Protective Factors, and Sex Education Programs. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(6), 52–58.

Lindawati, & Nurdiyanti. (2020). The Implantation of Reproductive Health Education in Children since Early Age in the Family. Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo Scientifc Journal, 1(1), 22–30.

Lusiana. (2019). The Influential Factos of Sex Education in Early Adolescents Ages 10-13 Years. 2(1), 204–209.

Mustika, Maranatha, & Justicia. (2019). Analysis of the Single Mother’s Role in Education. RECEP, 1(1), 61–69.

Nadar. (2018). Parents’ Perception of Sex Education for Early Childhood. Yaa Bunayya, 1(2), 77–90.

Nelson, Pantalone, & Carey. (2019). Sexual Health Education for Adolescent Males Who Are Interested in Sex With Males: An Investigation of Experiences, Preferences, and Needs. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(1), 61–69.


Pattiruhu, Rompas, & Simak. (2019). Family Affective Function And Family Socialization Function to The Adolescent Sexual Behavior. Jurnal Keperawatan, 7(2), 1–9.

Plastino, Quinlan, Todd, & Tevendale. (2017). Stakeholder Education and Community Mobilization Garner Support for Sex Education. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(3), 24–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.09.028

Purwatiningsih. (2019). Adolescent Sexual Behavior and The Effect of The Social Environment among Children of Migran and Non-Migrant Households. Jurnal Universitas Gadjah Mada, 27(1), 1–16.

Puspita, & Telogorejo. (2019). The Relationship of Parenting Patterns to Adolescent Sexual Knowledge. 5(2), 40–44.

Rahmawati, Suminar, & Soedirham. (2019). The Personal Relationship of Adolescents with the Implementation of Character Education by Parents in Efforts to Prevent Premarital Sexual Behavior in Jember Regency. Kesehatan Reproduksi, 9(2), 149–152. https://doi.org/10.22435/kespro.v9i2.2028.149-157

Rinta. (2015). Sexual Education in Shaping Positive Sexual Behavior in Adolescents and Its Implications for Adolescent Psychological Resilience. Ketahanan Nasional, 21(3), 163. https://doi.org/10.22146/jkn.15587 https://doi.org/10.14421/aplikasia.v17i1.1362

Rudick. (2020). From sex-ed to fertility-ed: a more holistic approach to reproductive education. F&S Reports, 1(3), 166–167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xfre.2020.10.007

Santelli, Grilo, & Choo. (2018). Does sex education before college protect students from sexual assault in college? PLoS ONE, 13(11), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205951

Saputro. (2018). Understanding the Characteristics and Developmental Tasks of Adolescence. Aplikasia, 17(1), 25.

Sofyan, & Sauri. (2017). Sex Education.

Sulastri, & Tarmiz, A. (2017). The Role of Parents in Early Childhood Education. Raudhatul Athfal, 1(1), 61–80. https://doi.org/10.19109/ra.v1i1.1526

Thania. (2021). Permissive Parenting with Sexual Behavior in Adolescents. Social Library, 1(1), 31–39.

Umaroh, Kusumawati, & Kasjono. (2016). The Relationship Between Internal Factors And External Factors With Adolescent Premarital Sexual Behavior In Indonesia. Kesehatan Masyarakat Andalas, 10(1), 66–75.

Utami. (2019). Parental Practices in Supervising Adolescent Intercourse to Prevent Unwanted Pregnancy. Care, 7(2), 7–15. https://doi.org/10.33366/jc.v7i2.1043

Wees, V., Fried, & Larsson. (2021). Arabic speaking migrant parents’ perceptions of sex education in Sweden: A qualitative study. Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare, 109605. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.srhc.2021.100596

Wirdanengsih. (2021). The Role of Mothers in the Process of Sexual Education in Children Aged 4-6 Years (The Study Case of Single Mom in the Village of Gurun Laweh, Padang City). Perspektif, 4(1), 146–157.

Yanuarti. (2019). Islamic Parenting Patterns for Parents in Preventing the Emergence of LGBT Behavior since Early Age. Cendekia, 17(1), 57–80. https://doi.org/10.21154/cendekia.v17i1.1337

Yendi. (2020). Prevention of adolescent sexual behavior: Can be with family counseling? JRTI, 4(1), 44–47. https://doi.org/10.29210/3003474000

Yoost, Ruley, & Durfee. (2021). Acceptability of a Comprehensive Sex Education Self-Study Website for Teaching Reproductive Health: A Pilot Study Among College Students and Obstetrics and Gynecology Resident Physicians. Sexual Medicine, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esxm.2020.100302

Zulfaya. (2020). The Use of Whatsapp in Increasing Parents’ Understanding of Positive Communication With Children. Community Education Journal, 3(3), 290. https://doi.org/10.22460/comm-edu.v3i3.4558

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31101/jhtam.2050

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 415 times
PDF - 214 times

Cited By


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Ema Waliyanti, Ratna Ajeng Dewantari

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Health Technology Assessment in Midwifery

Indexing by

GarudaSinta Google Scholar Crossref DimensionsDOAJ

Universitas 'Aisyiyah (UNISA) Yogyakarta
Kampus Terpadu: Jl. Siliwangi (Ring Road Barat) No. 63, Nogotirto, Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55292 
Telepon: (0274) 4469199
Fax.: (0274) 4469204
Email: jhtam@unisayogya.ac.id

View My Stats