Karakteristik Pengunjung Alun-alun Taman Merdeka, Kota Pangkalpinang sebagai Urban Tourism di Masa Pandemi COVID-19

Authors

  • Hadi Fitriansyah Universitas Bangka Belitung
  • Anindya Putri Tamara Universitas Semarang

Abstract

The existence of the Green Open Space (RTH) is the only worthy urban tourist destination alternative. As the only public space with tourist attractions accessible to the general public, along with Alun-alun Taman Merdeka, Pangkalpinang City has the necessary resources to support community activities. But the COVID-19 pandemic generally hampers community activity outside Pangkalpinang City. The purpose of this study is to interpret the characteristics of visitors to the independent area park in Pangkalpinang City during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research uses quantitative methods where data is collected first using online forms (google forms) and then analyzed using quantitatively descriptive analysis. Visitor characteristics can be seen from a number of factors, including accessibility, satisfaction with needs, and judgment. The findings from this study show that, at the beginning of the week, people with accessibility on an environmental scale – which has a 300m radius of coverage of green open spaces – dominate among visitors to Alun-alun Taman Merdeka in Pangkalpinang City, while people with urban scale accessibility – with a 5000m radius on a green open area – do so on weekends. Even during the COVID-19 pandemic, Alun-alun Taman Merdeka, Pangkalpinang City, saw a 57% increase in visitors' traffic on weekends and early weekends. With the presence of the COVID-19 pandemic has an impact on the changes in the characteristics of visitors in the squares of the independent park, Pangkalpinang City.

References

Agus, F., Silalahi, W., & Armanda, A. (2018, April). Mapping Urban Green Open Space in Bontang City Using QGIS and Cloud Computing. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 144, No. 1, p. 012032). IOP Publishing.

Aji, R. R., & Faniza, V. Perubahan Karakteristik Pengunjung Ruang Terbuka Hijau Perkotaan Sebagai Urban Tourism di Taman Alun-Alun Pacitan. Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah dan Kota, 17(3), 334-340

Antonić, B. (2021). Reviving Socialist Shrinking Towns in the Lower Danube Region in Serbia by Embracing Their Modernist Urban Heritage. DOCONF2021/Facing post-socialist urban heritage, 30-39.

Biernacka, M., & Kronenberg, J. (2018). Classification Of Institutional Barriers Affecting the Availability, Accessibility and Attractiveness of Urban Green Spaces. Urban forestry & urban greening, 36, 22-33.

Boivin, M., & Tanguay, G. A. (2019). Analysis Of the Determinants of Urban Tourism Attractiveness: The Case of Québec City and Bordeaux. Journal of destination marketing & management, 11, 67-79.

Caldeira, A. M., & Kastenholz, E. (2018). Tourists’ Spatial Behaviour in Urban Destinations: The Effect of Prior Destination Experience. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 24(3), 247-260.

Chavez, E. M. (2021, May). Assessment Of Public Open Space Management: Case Study of Siquijor Island, Philippines. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 771, No. 1, p. 012013). IOP Publishing.

Fadjarajani, S., & As’ari, R. (2020). Analysis Of the Function of City Parks as Green Open Space and Education (Study in The City of Tasikmalaya, West Java Province, Indonesia). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 412, No. 1, p. 012001). IOP Publishing.

Fan, P., Xu, L., Yue, W., & Chen, J. (2017). Accessibility Of Public Urban Green Space in An Urban Periphery: The Case of Shanghai. Landscape and Urban Planning, 165, 177-192.

Henderson, J. (2017). Global Cities, Tokyo, Urban Tourism. International Journal of Tourism Cities.

Jansson, M., Vogel, N., Fors, H., & Randrup, T. B. (2018). The Governance of Landscape Management: New Approaches to Urban Open Space Development. Landscape Research.

Kurniansah, R., & Khali, M. S. (2019). Ketersediaan Akomodasi Pariwisata Dalam Mendukung Pariwisata Perkotaan (Urban Tourism) Sebagai Daya Tarik Wisata Kota Mataram Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat. Jurnal Bina Wakya, 1(1), 39-44.

Mbulu, Y. P., Firmansyah, R., & Puspita, N. (2017). Indentifikasi Daya Tarik Pariwisata Perkotaan Terhadap Tingkat Kunjungan Wisatawan Di Kota Mataram Lombok. Tourism Scientific Journal, 3(1), 74-91.

Nastiti, F. N., & Giyarsih, S. R. (2019). Green Open Space in Urban Areas: A Case in the Government Office of Boyolali, Indonesia. Regional Science Inquiry, 11(1), 19-28.

Purwantiasning, A. W. (2017). Optimalisasi Fungsi Ruang Terbuka Hijau Dengan Melihat Pola Sebaran Pengunjung Studi Kasus: Taman Tabebuya, Jagakarsa. Nature: National Academic Journal of Architecture, 4(2), 121-127.

Rushayati, S. B., Hermawan, R., Setiawan, Y., Wijayanto, A. K., Prasetyo, L. B., & Permatasari, P. A. (2020). The Effect of Utilization Patterns of Green Open Space on The Dynamics Change of Air Quality Due to The Covid-19 Pandemic in Jabodetabek Region. Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management), 10(4), 559-567.

Soeriaatmadja, A. R., & Wulanningsih, R. (2018, August). A Set of Sustainable Urban Landscape Indicators and Parameters to Evaluate Urban Green Open Space in Bandung City. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 179, No. 1, p. 012016). IOP Publishing.

Sun, Y., & Shao, Y. (2020). Measuring Visitor Satisfaction Toward Peri-Urban Green and Open Spaces Based on Social Media Data. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 53, 126709.

Venter, Z. S., Barton, D. N., Gundersen, V., Figari, H., & Nowell, M. S. (2021). Back To Nature: Norwegians Sustain Increased Recreational Use of Urban Green Space Months After The COVID-19 Outbreak. Landscape and urban planning, 214, 104175.

Wang, H., Dai, X., Wu, J., Wu, X., & Nie, X. (2019). Influence Of Urban Green Open Space on Residents’ Physical Activity In China. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 1-12.

Wang, J., Huang, X., Gong, Z., & Cao, K. (2020). Dynamic Assessment of Tourism Carrying Capacity and Its Impacts on Tourism Economic Growth in Urban Tourism Destinations in China. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 15, 100383.

Published

2024-03-26

How to Cite

Fitriansyah, H., & Tamara, A. P. (2024). Karakteristik Pengunjung Alun-alun Taman Merdeka, Kota Pangkalpinang sebagai Urban Tourism di Masa Pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal Arsitektur Dan Perencanaan (JUARA), 7(1), 1–8. Retrieved from https://ejournal.unisayogya.ac.id/index.php/JUARA/article/view/2924

SHARE THIS