Online Interprofessional Education (IPE) evaluation for healthcare students as Interprofessional Collaboration (IPC) optimization


Mail Vivi Retno Intening(1*)
Mail Yullya Permina(2)
Mail Yusup Erwan Setyanto(3)

(1) STIKES Bethesda Yakkum, Indonesia
(2) STIKES Bethesda Yakkum, Indonesia
(3) STIKES Bethesda Yakkum, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author
10.31101/jhes.1785| Abstract views : 241 | PDF views : 79


Interprofessional Education (IPE) is carried out to optimize interprofessional collaboration (IPE) in order to improve the quality of health services. Currently, conventional IPE learning is starting to shift to more flexible online IPE. The aims of this study were to evaluate the implementation of online IPE. This is qualitative research with a phenomenological approach. The study involved 12 facilitators of IPE and four healthcare students. Data collection used focus group discussion (FGD) and semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis was used in this qualitative study. The results of this study show that online IPE can facilitate interprofessional learning for health students. Technical barriers are the main obstacles to online IPE. Online IPE training for facilitators and an attractive, interactive IPE online curriculum design are needed to ensure IPE online runs optimally. 


Interprofessional education; online; interprofessional collaboration; healthcare students.

Full Text:



Alrasheed, A., Altulahi, N., Temsah, M. H., Almasri, Z., Alghadeer, S., Mubarak, A. M., Alzamil, H., Bashatah, A. S., Asiri, Y., & AlRuthia, Y. (2021). Interprofessional Education Competition During the COVID-19 Pandemic at King Saud University: Benefits and Challenges. J Multidiscip Healthc, 14, 673-679. https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S301346

Baticulon, R. E., Sy, J. J., Alberto, N. R. I., Baron, M. B. C., Mabulay, R. E. C., Rizada, L. G. T., Tiu, C. J. S., Clarion, C. A., & Reyes, J. C. B. (2021, Apr). Barriers to Online Learning in the Time of COVID-19: A National Survey of Medical Students in the Philippines. Med Sci Educ, 31(2), 615-626. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40670-021-01231-z

Bok, C., Ng, C. H., Koh, J. W. H., Ong, Z. H., Ghazali, H. Z. B., Tan, L. H. E., Ong, Y. T., Cheong, C. W. S., Chin, A. M. C., Mason, S., & Krishna, L. K. R. (2020, Oct 16). Interprofessional communication (IPC) for medical students: a scoping review. BMC Med Educ, 20(1), 372. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02296-x

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa

Brock, D., Abu-Rish, E., Chiu, C. R., Hammer, D., Wilson, S., Vorvick, L., Blondon, K., Schaad, D., Liner, D., & Zierler, B. (2013, May). Interprofessional education in team communication: working together to improve patient safety. BMJ Qual Saf, 22(5), 414-423. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjqs-2012-000952

Burgener, A. M. (2017, Jul/Sep). Enhancing Communication to Improve Patient Safety and to Increase Patient Satisfaction. Health Care Manag (Frederick), 36(3), 238-243. https://doi.org/10.1097/HCM.0000000000000165

Clouder, D. L., Davies, B., Sams, M., & McFarland, L. (2012, Nov). "Understanding where you're coming from": discovering an [inter]professional identity through becoming a peer facilitator. J Interprof Care, 26(6), 459-464. https://doi.org/10.3109/13561820.2012.706335

Evans, S. (2019). An exploration of online interprofessional education facilitation Deakin University. https://dro.deakin.edu.au/eserv/DU:30150107/evans-explorationof-2019.pdf

Evans, S., Knight, T., Sonderlund, A., & Tooley, G. (2014, Dec). Facilitators' experience of delivering asynchronous and synchronous online interprofessional education. Med Teach, 36(12), 1051-1056. https://doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2014.918254

Evans, S., Larrabee Sonderlund, A., & Tooley, G. (2013). Effectiveness of online interprofessional education in improving students’ attitudes and knowledge associated with interprofessional practice. Focus on Health Professional Education: A Multi-Disciplinary Journal,. https://search.informit.org/doi/abs/10.3316/ielapa.344023104355022

Evans, S., Shaw, N., Ward, C., & Hayley, A. (2016, Nov). "Refreshed...reinforced...reflective": A qualitative exploration of interprofessional education facilitators' own interprofessional learning and collaborative practice. J Interprof Care, 30(6), 702-709. https://doi.org/10.1080/13561820.2016.1223025

Frehywot, S., Vovides, Y., Talib, Z., Mikhail, N., Ross, H., Wohltjen, H., Bedada, S., Korhumel, K., Koumare, A. K., & Scott, J. (2013, Feb 4). E-learning in medical education in resource constrained low- and middle-income countries. Hum Resour Health, 11, 4. https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4491-11-4

Ghorob, A., & Bodenheimer, T. (2012, Mar-Apr). Share the Care: building teams in primary care practices. J Am Board Fam Med, 25(2), 143-145. https://doi.org/10.3122/jabfm.2012.02.120007

Guraya, S. Y., David, L. R., Hashir, S., Mousa, N. A., Al Bayatti, S. W., Hasswan, A., & Kaouas, M. (2021, Aug 30). The impact of an online intervention on the medical, dental and health sciences students about interprofessional education; a quasi-experimental study. BMC Med Educ, 21(1), 457. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-021-02900-8

Hanna, E., Soren, B., Telner, D., MacNeill, H., Lowe, M., & Reeves, S. (2013, Jul). Flying blind: the experience of online interprofessional facilitation. J Interprof Care, 27(4), 298-304. https://doi.org/10.3109/13561820.2012.723071

Hayward, K., Brown, M., Pendergast, N., Nicholson, M., Newell, J., Fancy, T., & Cameron, H. (2021). IPE via online education: Pedagogical pathways spanning the distance. Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice, 24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xjep.2021.100447

Homeyer, S., Hoffmann, W., Hingst, P., Oppermann, R. F., & Dreier-Wolfgramm, A. (2018). Effects of interprofessional education for medical and nursing students: enablers, barriers and expectations for optimizing future interprofessional collaboration - a qualitative study. BMC Nurs, 17, 13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-018-0279-x

Jones, T. A., Vidal, G., & Taylor, C. (2020, Sep-Oct). Interprofessional education during the COVID-19 pandemic: finding the good in a bad situation. J Interprof Care, 34(5), 633-646. https://doi.org/10.1080/13561820.2020.1801614

Myers, C. T., & O'Brien, S. P. (2015, Apr). Teaching interprofessional collaboration: using online education across institutions. Occup Ther Health Care, 29(2), 178-185. https://doi.org/10.3109/07380577.2015.1017789

Organization, W. H. (2010). "Framework for action on interprofessional education and collaborative practice". https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/70185

Poirier, T. I., Devraj, R., Blankson, F., & Xin, H. (2016, Nov 25). Interprofessional Online Global Health Course. Am J Pharm Educ, 80(9), 155. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe809155

Reeves, S., Fletcher, S., Barr, H., Birch, I., Boet, S., Davies, N., McFadyen, A., Rivera, J., & Kitto, S. (2016, Jul). A BEME systematic review of the effects of interprofessional education: BEME Guide No. 39. Med Teach, 38(7), 656-668. https://doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2016.1173663

Reeves, S., Fletcher, S., McLoughlin, C., Yim, A., & Patel, K. D. (2017, Aug 4). Interprofessional online learning for primary healthcare: findings from a scoping review. BMJ Open, 7(8), e016872. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016872

Riesen, E., Morley, M., Clendinneng, D., Ogilvie, S., & Ann Murray, M. (2012, Jul). Improving interprofessional competence in undergraduate students using a novel blended learning approach. J Interprof Care, 26(4), 312-318. https://doi.org/10.3109/13561820.2012.660286

Riskiyana, R. (2021). The Challenge of Implementing Online Interprofessional Education for Undergraduate Students: A Literature Review. Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.22146/jpki.58989

Singh, J., & Matthees, B. (2021, May 11). Facilitating Interprofessional Education in an Online Environment during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Mixed Method Study. Healthcare (Basel), 9(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050567

Sullivan, M., Kiovsky, R. D., D, J. M., Hill, C. D., & Dukes, C. (2015, Mar). Interprofessional collaboration and education. Am J Nurs, 115(3), 47-54. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.NAJ.0000461822.40440.58

Sunguya, B. F., Hinthong, W., Jimba, M., & Yasuoka, J. (2014). Interprofessional education for whom? --challenges and lessons learned from its implementation in developed countries and their application to developing countries: a systematic review. PLoS One, 9(5), e96724. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0096724

Turkelson, C., Yorke, A. M., Keiser, M., Smith, L., & Gilbert, G. E. (2020). Promoting Interprofessional Communication with Virtual Simulation and Deliberate Practice. Clinical Simulation In Nursing, 46, 30-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecns.2020.03.008

van Diggele, C., Roberts, C., Burgess, A., & Mellis, C. (2020, Dec 3). Interprofessional education: tips for design and implementation. BMC Med Educ, 20(Suppl 2), 455. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02286-z

Yeh, V. J., Sherwood, G., Durham, C. F., Kardong-Edgren, S., Schwartz, T. A., & Beeber, L. S. (2019, Feb). Designing and implementing asynchronous online deliberate practice to develop interprofessional communication competency. Nurse Educ Pract, 35, 21-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2018.12.011

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31101/jhes.1785

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 241 times
PDF - 79 times

Cited By


  • There are currently no refbacks.

JHes (Journal of Health Studies)
Indexing by :
Google Scholar DOAJ Journal of Health StudiesJHeS(Journal of Health Studies)
Universitas 'Aisyiyah (UNISA) Yogyakarta
Kampus Terpadu: Jl. Siliwangi (Ring Road Barat) No. 63, Nogotirto, Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55292 
Telepon: (0274) 4469199
Fax.: (0274) 4469204
Email: jhes@unisayogya.ac.id

Statistik: View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.