Title:


Permeabilitas dan Pergerakan Pejalan Kaki terhadap Physical Distancing (Studi Kasus: Jalan Malioboro)


Author:


Mail Fasiha Putri Untsa(1*)
Mail Dyah Widi Astuti(2)

(1) , Indonesia
(2) Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 
(*) Corresponding Author
10.31101/juara.v4i2.2030| Abstract views : 355 | PDF views : 124

Abstract


Eksistensi ruang publik terutama jalur pedestrian saat pandemi menjadi prioritas utama dalam perencanaan kota. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memahami dampak konfigurasi spasial dan pergerakan pejalan kaki pada ruang jalan terhadap efektivitas physical distancing. Penggunaan metode space syntax dalam menentukan kualitas konfigurasi spasial Jalan Malioboro melalui tingkat permeabilitas dan metode observasi melalui counting dan tracing dalam memahami pergerakan pejalan kaki. Hasil penelitian menunjukan perlunya penambahan ruang yang lebih bagi pejalan kaki, karena adanya korelasi antara permeabilitas dengan peningkatan pergerakan pejalan kaki yang dapat menghambat implementasi physical distancing. Pengelolaan ruang jalan yang baik dapat menjadi solusi dalam memenuhi kebutuhan tersebut

Keywords


permeabilitas; pejalan kaki; physical distancing; jalan malioboro; space syntax

References


Abdul Nasir, N. A. B., Hassan, A. S., Khozaei, F. & Abdul Nasir, M. H. B., 2020. Investigation of spatial configuration management on social distancing of recreational clubhouse for COVID-19 in Penang, Malaysia. International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation.

Alter, L., 2020. Urban Design After the Coronavirus. [Online] Available at: https://www.treehugger.com/urban-design-after-coronavirus-4848013 [Diakses 12 November 2020].

Andi, Zain, Z. & Andi, U. F., 2020. Studi Konfigurasi Ruang Mall (Studi Kasus: Matahari Mall dan Ayani Megamall di Pontianak). ARSITEKTURA: Jurnal Ilmiah dan Arsitektur Lingkungan Binaan, 18(2), pp. 265-276.

Anugrahanto, N. C., 2020. Seorang PKL Malioboro Positif Covid-19. [Online] Available at: https://www.kompas.id/baca/nusantara/2020/09/06/seorang-pkl-malioboro-positif-covid-19/ [Diakses 24 Oktober 2020].

Aqli, W., 2019. Konfigurasi Jalur Pedestrian yang Permeable di dalam Area Barier antara Kawasan Bangkitan dan Tarikan. Jurnal SCALE, 6(1), pp. 14-23.

Broom, D., 2020. How the COVID-19 crisis inspired this Italian city. [Online] Available at: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/04/milan-covid-19-coronavirus-lockdown-reducing-car-use/ [Diakses 19 Januari 2021].

Carmona, M., 2019. Principles for public space design, planning to do better. URBAN DESIGN International, Volume 24, pp. 27-59.

Chu, D. K. et al., 2020. Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet, Volume 395, pp. 1973-1987.

Coffman Engineers, 2020. Adapting to the New Norm. [Online] Available at: https://www.coffman.com/pedestrian-simulation-modeling-for-covid-19/ [Diakses 23 Januari 2021].

covid19.go.id, 2020. Apa dan Bagaimana Cara Physical Distancing?. [Online] Available at: https://covid19.go.id/tanya-jawab?search [Diakses 1 Oktober 2020].

Cristani, M. et al., 2020. The Visual Social Distancing Problem. IEEE Access, Volume 8, pp. 126876-126886.

Davies, S. C., 1982. Designing Effective Pedestrian Improvements in Business Districts. 3th penyunt. Chicago: American Planning Association.

Ducharme, J., 2020. World Health Organization Declares COVID-19 a 'Pandemic'. [Online] Available at: https://time.com/5791661/who-coronavirus-pandemic-declaration/ [Diakses 14 Januari 2021].

Ephes, L. M., 2006. The Architecture of Permeability-Urban Redevelopment of Fa Yuen Street, Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong.

Florida, R., 2020. We'll Need To Reopen Our Cities. [Online] Available at: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-03-27/how-to-adapt-cities-to-reopen-amid-coronavirus [Diakses 23 Oktober 2020].

Gehl, J. & Svarre, B., 2013. How to Study Public Life. Washington: Island Press.

Gupta, R. & Dhamija, R. K., 2020. Covid-19: Social distancing or social isolation?. BMJ , Volume 369, p. m2399.

Hendrawan, C. & Dwisusanto, Y., 2018. Konsep Acting Living dalam Perancangan Jalur Pedestrian Studi Kasus: Jalan L. L. R. E. Martadinata (Riau), Bandung, Jawa Barat. ARTEKS, Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 2, pp. 15-31.

Hillier, B. & Hanson, J., 1984. The Social Logic of Space. London: Cambridge University Press.

Honey-Rosés, J. et al., 2020. The Impact of COVID-19 on Public Space: A Review of the Emerging Questions.

INCONTROL, 2020. Physical Distancing in Pedestrian Dynamics. [Online] Available at: https://www.incontrolsim.com/physical-distancing-in-pedestrian-dynamics/ [Diakses 21 Januari 2021].

jogja.tribunnews.com, 2021. Buka Kios Setelah Libur Lebaran, PKL Malioboro: Tak Ada Perubahan. [Online] Available at: https://jogja.tribunnews.com/2020/05/27/buka-kios-setelah-libur-lebaran-pkl-malioboro-tak-ada-perubahan [Diakses 14 Januari 2021].

Lewis, P., Lewis, D. J., Tsurumaki, M. & Nordenson, G., 2020. Manual of Physical Distancing - Space, Time, and Cities in the Era of COVID-19, Princeton: Princeton University Funding for Rapid, Novel and Actionable Covid-19 Research Projects.

Litscher, M., 2020. Sidewalks in the city during and after COVID-19. [Online] Available at: https://thinking-cities.h3bconnected.com/t-cities-july-2020/switzerland-environment-health-in-transport/ [Diakses 23 Oktober 2020].

Mahadi, K. I. & Budiarti, F., 2016. Strategi Penataan Kawasan Malioboro menjadi Kawasan Pedestrian. Jurnal Planes (Planologi), 7(2), pp. 51-59.

Marlina, P., 2020. Analisa Desain Jalur Pedestrian dengan Konsep Walkability, Medan: Universitas Sumatra Utara.

Mauliani, L., Purwantiasning, A. W. & Aqli, W., 2013. Kajian Jalur Pedestrian sebagai Ruang Terbuka pada Area Kampus. Jurnal Arsitektur NALARs, Volume 12.

Mensana, A., Srinaga, F. & Halim, A., 2019. Generating Social Interaction through Improving Quality of Connection Spaces between City Parks. Jurnal Strategi Desain & Inovasi Sosial, 1(1), pp. 96-113.

Mott MacDonald, 2020. Covid-19 and the future of transport, Croydon: The Mott MacDonald Group.

NACTO, 2013. Urban Street Design Guide. New York: Island Press.

NACTO, 2020. Streets for Pandemic Response and Recovery. [Online] Available at: https://nacto.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/Streets_for_Pandemic_Response_Recovery_Full_20-09-24.pdf [Diakses 21 Desmber 2020].

Naro, A. & Hendola, F., 2020. Analisis Pengaruh Desain Menteng Park Bintaro Jaya Terhadap Interaksi Sosial. Jurnal Strategi Desain dan Inovasi Sosial, 1(2), pp. 200-215.

Nazmy, E., 2020. The Effect of Social Distancing on the Utilization of Open Spaces Case Study: "Open Social Spaces at Smash Academy Club”(Dept.A). Mansoura Engineering Journal, 45(4), pp. 69-77.

Null, S. & Smith, H., 2020. COVID-19 Could Affect Cities for Years. [Online] Available at: https://thecityfix.com/blog/covid-19-affect-cities-years-4-ways-theyre-coping-now-schuyler-null-hillary-smith/ [Diakses 15 Oktober 2020].

Oberklaid, S., 2015. Observing People in Pike Place, Part 1. [Online] Available at: https://www.theurbanist.org/2015/10/12/observing-people-in-pike-place-part-1/ [Diakses 10 Januari 2021].

Peters, A., 2016. 50 Reasons Why Everyone Should Want More Walkable Streets. [Online] Available at: https://www.fastcompany.com/3062989/50-reasons-why-everyone-should-want-more-walkable-streets [Diakses 16 Januari 2021].

Psyllidis, A. et al., 2020. Social Distancing and The City. [Online] Available at: https://social-glass.tudelft.nl/social-distancing/ [Diakses 3 Januari 2021].

Rubenstein, H. M., 1978. Central City Malls. New York: Wiley.

Schwartz, K., 2020. Relationship Between Physical Distancing and Space Planning. [Online] Available at: https://spaceiq.com/blog/physical-distancing-and-space-planning/ [Diakses 12 September 2020].

Shiue, I., 2016. Future urban design strategies for health and wellbeing: proposal of DIDID action plan and design mapping. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 14(1), pp. 104-114.

Siregar, J. P., 2014. Metodologi dasar space syntax dalam analisis konfigurasi ruang. Malang: Universitas Brawijaya.

Stonor, T., 2020. Is physical distancing possible on city streets?. [Online] Available at: https://timstonor.wordpress.com/2020/04/28/is-physical-distancing-possible-on-city-streets/ [Diakses 5 Januari 2021].

UN-Habitat, 2020. UN-Habitat Guidance on COVID-19 and Public Space. [Online] Available at: https://unhabitat.org/sites/default/files/2020/06/un-habitat_guidance_on_covid-19_and_public_space.pdf [Diakses 1 Desember 2020].

Vujadinovic, M., 2016. A typological classification of neighbourhood public open spaces: A case study of Novi Grad - Podgorica. Facta universitatis - series: Architecture and Civil Engineering, 14(1), pp. 111-121.

Welle, B. & Avelleda, S., 2020. Safer, More Sustainable Transport in a Post-COVID-19 World. [Online] Available at: https://www.wri.org/insights/safer-more-sustainable-transport-post-covid-19-world [Diakses 19 Januari 2021].

Westlund, K., 2018. Methods for Studying Public Spaces' Impact on Their Life, Sweden: Lulea University of Technology.

WHO, 2020. Physical distancing is not social isolation. [Online] Available at: https://www.who.int/indonesia/news/novel-coronavirus/new-infographics/physical-distancing-not-social-isolation [Diakses 1 Desember 2020].

Wilder-Smith, A. & Freedman, D. O., 2020. Isolation, quarantine, social distancing and community containment: pivotal role for old-style public health measures in the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak. J Travel Med, 27(2), pp. 1-4.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31101/juara.v4i2.2030

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 355 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) - 124 times

Cited By

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.






Universitas 'Aisyiyah (UNISA) Yogyakarta 
Kampus Terpadu: Jl. Siliwangi (Ring Road Barat) No. 63, Nogotirto, Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55292 
Telepon: (0274) 4469199
Fax.: (0274) 4469204
Email:  juara@unisayogya.ac.id