Kajian Desain Rumah Sakit Mobil

Authors

  • Ilya Fadjar Maharika Universitas Islam Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9817-0774
  • Risdiyono Risdiyono Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta
  • Medilla Kusriyanto Jurusan Teknik Elektro, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta
  • Ari Sujarwo Jurusan Informatika, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta
  • Fitri Nugraheni Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta
  • Awaluddin Nurmianto Jurusan Teknik Lingkungan, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta
  • Retno Danarti Departemen Dermatologi dan Venereologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
  • Suswardana Suswardana Pusat Kesehatan, Markas Besar Tentara Nasional Indonesia
  • Raka Affa Arasya Maharika Sustainable Landscape and Architecture, Politecnico di Milano, Italia
  • Titania Nur Fadillah Architectural Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Italia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31101/juara.v4i2.2074
Abstract views 860 times

Keywords:

Modular Hospital, Mobile Hospital, COVID-19, Design Criteria

Abstract

Bencana dan pandemi memerlukan respon sistem kesehatan yang gesit. Karakter geografis Indonesia juga menuntut kelincahan di satu sisi dan integrasi sistem di sisi lain yang belum sepenuhnya direspons oleh sistem eksisting yang mengandalkan infrastruktur stasioner. Saat ini, dalam literatur dan praktik global, mobile health care system telah menjadi trend namun belum menjadi bagian dari wacana di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memulai desain rumah sakit modular untuk mengisi kesenjangan sistemik ini. Penelitian pendahuluan ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode tinjauan pustaka naratif untuk mengidentifikasi kriteria desain kritis sebagai bagian dari metodologi penelitian desain. Artikel ini merekomendasikan enam kriteria penting untuk ide desain arsitektur dan pengembangan kebijakan untuk rumah sakit mobile modular.

Author Biography

Ilya Fadjar Maharika, Universitas Islam Indonesia

Dr.-Ing. Maharika is an associate professor at the Department of Architecture Universitas Islam Indonesia. He is a registered architect in Indonesian Institute of Architect. He served as vice chair of Indonesian Association of School of Architecture for academic and curriculum development in 2013-2017.

References

Acar, M., & Kaya, O. 2019. A healthcare network design model with mobile hospitals for disaster preparedness: A case study for Istanbul earthquake. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 130, 273–292. doi:10.1016/j.tre.2019.09.007.

Agx Architects, tanpa tahun. Kaksh. https://www.agxarchitects.com/copy-of-urban-generator-3 diakses 8 Juni 2021.

Bakowski, J. 2016. A mobile hospital - Its advantages and functional limitations. International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering, 6(4), 746–754. doi:10.2495/SAFE-V6-N4-746-754.

Baldwin, E. 2020. ‘JUPE Health Designs Mobile Units to Address Hospital Bed Shortage from COVID-1’, ArchDaily, 28 Maret 2020 https://www.archdaily.com/936378/jupe-health-designs-mobile-units-to-address-hospital-bed-shortage-from-covid-19?ad_source=search&ad_medium=search_result_all.

Blackwell, T., & Bosse, M. 2007. Use of an Innovative Design Mobile Hospital in the Medical Response to Hurricane Katrina. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 49(5), hlm. 580–588. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2006.06.03.

Blessing, L. T. M., & Chakrabarti. A. 2009. DRM, a Design Research Methodology. London: Springer-Verlag, doi: 10.1007/978-1-84882-587-1.

Building Trust International (2014) Prefab truck and shipping container win healthcare facility design competition. https://newatlas.com/building-trust-international-moved-to-care/31738/ diakses 8 Juni 2021.

Chen, X., Lu, L., Shi, J., Zhang, X., Fan, H., Fan, B., … Hou, S. 2020. Application and Prospect of Mobile Hospital in Disaster Response. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, May, hlm. 1–7, doi: 10.1017/dmp.2020.113.

Cheng, B., Shi, R., Du, D., Hu, P., Feng, J., Huang, G., Yang, R. 2015. Mobile emergency (surgical) hospital: Development and application in medical relief of “4.20†Lushan earthquake in Sichuan Province, China. Chinese Journal of Traumatology - English Edition. doi: 10.1016/j.cjtee.2014.07.004.

Cilento, K. 2010 ‘Mobile Hospital / Hord Coplan Macht + Spevco’, ArchDaily. https://www.archdaily.com/54890/mobile-hospital-hord-coplan-macht-spevco.

CURA 2020. CURA Connected Units for Respiratory Ailments https://curapods.org diakses 8 June 2021.

Djalante, R., Lassa, J., Setiamarga, D., Sudjatma, A., Indrawan, M., Haryanto, B. Mahfud, C., Sinapoy, M.S., Djalante, S., Rafliana, I., Gunawan, L.A., Surtiari, G.A.K., Warsilah, H. 2020 ‘Review and analysis of current responses to COVID-19 in Indonesia: Period of January to March 2020’, Progress in Disaster Science, 6, hlm. 100091. doi: 10.1016/j.pdisas.2020.100091.

Dolev, E. 2020. History of Military Field Hospitals. Field Hospitals, hlm. 1–11. doi: 10.1017/9781316493489.001.

Ferrari, R. 2015 ‘Writing narrative literature reviews’, The European Medical Writers Association, 24(4), hlm. 230–235. doi: 10.1179/2047480615Z.000000000329.

Gibson, E. 2020. ‘Jupe designs flat-pack intensive care unit to bolster hospitals impacted by coronavirus’, Dezeen https://www.dezeen.com/2020/03/27/jupe-health-flat-packed-coronavirus-care-units/.

Harrouk, C. 2020. ‘Alternative Healthcare Facilities: Architects Mobilize their Creativity in Fight against COVID-19’, ArchDaily https://www.archdaily.com/937840/alternative-healthcare-facilities-architects-mobilize-their-creativity-in-fight-against-covid-19?ad_source=search&ad_medium=search_result_all.

http://hahagroup.pl/Field-Rescue-Center.php diakses 8 Juni 2021.

http://puskes-tni.mil.id/admin/peraturan/peraturan_9.pdf diakses 4 Juni 2021.

http://www.infektural.com diakses 8 Juni 2021.

https://archello.com/project/emergency-modular-hospital diakses 8 Juni 2021.

https://hospitainer.com diakses 8 Juni 2021.

https://khomesteelstructure.en.made-in-china.com/product/MBQJutilsbrk/China-Prefabricated-Modular-Container-Mobile-Clinics.html diakses 8 Juni 2021.

https://newatlas.com/building-trust-international-moved-to-care/31738 diakses 8 April 2020.

https://nusantara.rmol.id/read/2021/02/09/474280/tangani-covid-19-ksad-perintahkan-tambah-kapasitas-rs-lapangan diakses 8 Juni 2021.

https://superkontainer.com/jual-klinik-container diakses 8 April 2020.

https://tniad.mil.id/tni-kembali-kirim-batalyon-kesehatan-ke-lombok diakses 8 Juni 2021.

https://www.50superreal.com/adapta diakses 8 Juni 2021.

https://www.agxarchitects.com/copy-of-urban-generator-3 diakses 8 Juni 2021.

https://www.archdaily.com diakses 8 Juni 2021.

https://www.bioarch.com.tw diakses 8 Juni 2021.

https://www.britannica.com/science/mobile-army-surgical-hospital diakses 31 Mei 2020.

https://www.dezeen.com diakses 8 Juni 2021.

https://www.pikiran-rakyat.com/nasional/pr-011521435/para-ahli-nilai-pemerintah-salah-kaprah-bangun-rski-covid-19-di-pulau-galang diakses 8 Juni 2021.

Hugo, M., Smout, M., & Bannister, J. 2002. A comparison in hospitalization rates between a community-based mobile emergency service and a hospital-based emergency service. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 36(4), hlm. 504–508. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-1614.2002.01042.x.

Jan, R. 1996. Rufaida Al-Asalmiya, the First Muslim Nurse. The Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 28(3), hlm. 267–268. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.1996.tb00362.x.

Khalifa, I., Abd Al-glil, H., & M. Abbassy, M. 2013. Mobile Hospitalization. International Journal of Computer Applications, 80(13), hlm. 18–23. doi: 10.5120/13921-1822.

Khanna, A. B. & Narula, S. A. 2016. ‘Mobile health units: Mobilizing healthcare to reach unreachable’, International Journal of Healthcare Management. Taylor & Francis, 9(1), hlm. 58–66. doi: 10.1080/20479700.2015.1101915.

King, B., & Jatoi, I. 2005. The mobile army surgical hospital (MASH): A military and surgical legacy. Journal of the National Medical Association, 97(5), hlm. 648–656.

Marr, B. 2017. What Is Digital Twin Technology - And Why Is It So Important?, https://www.forbes.com/sites/bernardmarr/2017/03/06/what-is-digital-twin-technology-and-why-is-it-so-important/#3ffb4ca92e2a diakses 16 Desember 2019.

Minner, K. 2011. ‘Mobile Hospital / Kukil Han’, ArchDaily. https://www.archdaily.com/153047/mobile-hospital-kukil-han.

Mmw (tanpa tahun) Mmw. https://www.mmw.no/emergencymodularhospital diakses 8 June 2021.

Ravenscroft, T. 2020a ‘Carlo Ratti Associati designs shipping-container intensive care units for coronavirus treatment’, Dezeen https://www.dezeen.com/2020/03/24/shipping-container-intensive-care-units-coronavirus-covid-19-carlo-ratti.

Revenscroft, T. 2020b ‘Weston Williamson + Partners proposes turning container ships into floating coronavirus hospitals’, Dezeen https://www.dezeen.com/2020/04/09/weston-williamson-partners-proposes-turning-container-ships-into-floating-coronavirus-hospitals.

Sunder M, V., Mahalingam, S., & Krishna M, S. N. 2020. Improving patients’ satisfaction in a mobile hospital using Lean Six Sigma–a design-thinking intervention. Production Planning and Control, 31(6), hlm. 512–526 doi: 10.1080/09537287.2019.1654628.

Tahiliani ND, Kumar P, Mittal VN. Initial experiences in a mobile hospital. J Indian Med Assoc. 1973;60(2) hlm. 66â€68.

Undang-Undang No 4 tahun 2009 Tentang Rumah Sakit.

Widayatun & Fatoni, Z. 2013. ‘Permasalahan Kesehatan dalam Kondisi Bencana:Peran Petugas Kesehatan dan Partisipasi Masyarakat (Health Problems in a Disaster Situation: the Role of Health Personnels and Community Participation)’, Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia, 8(1), hlm. 37–52.

Wu, I.-L., Li, J.-Y., & Fu, C.-Y. 2011. The adoption of mobile healthcare by hospital’s professionals: An integrative perspective. Decision Support Systems, 51(3), 587–596 doi: 10.1016/j.dss.2011.03.003.

Downloads

Published

2021-09-22

How to Cite

Maharika, I. F., Risdiyono, R., Kusriyanto, M., Sujarwo, A., Nugraheni, F., Nurmianto, A., Danarti, R., Suswardana, S., Arasya Maharika, R. A., & Fadillah, T. N. (2021). Kajian Desain Rumah Sakit Mobil. Jurnal Arsitektur Dan Perencanaan (JUARA), 4(2), 100–111. https://doi.org/10.31101/juara.v4i2.2074

SHARE THIS