Strategy to improve adolescent knowledge on sex education: scoping review


Mail Yustika Rahmawati Pratami(1*)
Mail Nurul Kurniati(2)
Mail Nurul Mahmudah(3)

(1) Universitas 'Aísyiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Universitas 'Aísyiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Universitas 'Aísyiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author
10.31101/ijhst.v2i3.1957| Abstract views : 509 | PDF views : 174


Background : Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) plays an important role in preparing adolescents for safe, productive lives, and understanding about HIV and AIDS, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), unwanted pregnancy, Gender-Based Violence (GBV), and Gender inequality still pose serious risks to their well-being. Study Aim : Determine the method most instrumental in improving adolescents' knowledge about adolescent sex education and teens identify constraints in obtaining information on sex education. Methods : Stage approach to review the literature using framework Arskey and O'Malley. The framework used to manage with PEOS research questions so that the search strategy uses 5 databases, viz. Pubmed, Science Direct, Wiley, Proquest, And Ebsco with the identification of the relevant study according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: Each method has its contribution in providing information and knowledge about sex education to adolescents, however the source of the greatest role in providing sex education information mostly came from digital sources both internet and TV media. The lack of role of parents and teachers to provide enough information about sex education is reflected in the results and the above discussion. Problems in adolescent sexual behavior that negatively due to inaccurate sources such as peer and the internet and added with minimal information from parents and teachers in which teenagers hoping to get information about sex education from parents and teachers.


Adolescent, Sex Education, Digital Media, Parents, Teachers and Peers

Full Text:



Arksey, H., & O’Malley, L. (2005). Scoping studies: Towards a methodological framework. International Journal of Social Research Methodology: Theory and Practice, 8(1), 19–32. https://doi.org/10.1080/1364557032000119616

Asekun-Olarinmoye, E. O., Dairo, M. D., Abodurin, O. L., & Asekun-Olarinmoye, I. O. (n.d.). Practice and content of sex education among adolescents in a family setting in rural southwest Nigeria. International Quarterly of Community Health Education, 32(1), 57–71. https://doi.org/10.2190/IQ.32.1.f

Damarsih, R., Setiyadi, N. A., & Trisnawati, A. G. (2011). Kajian Perilaku Sex Pranikah Remaja SMA di Surakarta. Jurnal Kesehatan, 4(2), 111–119. https://doi.org/1979-7621

Donaldson, A. A., Lindberg, L. D., Ellen, J. M., & Marcell, A. V. (2013). Receipt of sexual health information from parents, teachers, and healthcare providers by sexually experienced U.S. adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 53(2), 235–240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.03.017

Ernawati, H., Hapsari, E. D., & Lusmilasari, L. (2013). Penggunaan Sistem Informasi Berbasis Website Pada Remaja. (10).

García-vázquez, J., Quintó, L., & Agulló-tomás, E. (2019). Original Article Impact of a sex education programme in terms of knowledge , attitudes and sexual behaviour among adolescents in Asturias. 0(0), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1177/1757975919873621

García-Vázquez, J., Quintó, L., & Agulló-Tomás, E. (2019). Impact of a sex education programme in terms of knowledge, attitudes and sexual behaviour among adolescents in Asturias (Spain). Global Health Promotion, 1757975919873621. https://doi.org/10.1177/1757975919873621

González-ortega, E., Vicario-molina, I., Martínez, J. L., & Orgaz, B. (2015). The Internet as a Source of Sexual Information in a Sample of Spanish Adolescents: Associations with Sexual Behavior. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 12(4), 290–300. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13178-015-0196-7

Govender, D., Naidoo, S., & Taylor, M. (2019). Knowledge, attitudes and peer influences related to pregnancy, sexual and reproductive health among adolescents using maternal health services in Ugu, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7242-y

Grossman, J. M., Frye, A., Charmaraman, L., & Erkut, S. (2013). Family homework and school-based sex education: Delaying early adolescents’ sexual behavior. Journal of School Health, 83(11), 810–817. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12098

Grossman, J. M., Tracy, A. J., Charmaraman, L., Ceder, I., & Erkut, S. (2014a). Protective Effects of Middle School. Journal of School Health, 84(11), 739–747.

Grossman, J. M., Tracy, A. J., Charmaraman, L., Ceder, I., & Erkut, S. (2014b). Protective Effects of Middle School Comprehensive Sex Education With Family Involvement. Journal of School Health, 84(11), 739–747. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12199

Ibegbulam, I. J., Akpom, C. C., Enem, F. N., & Onyam, D. I. (2018). Use of the Internet as a source for reproductive health information seeking among adolescent girls in secondary schools in Enugu, Nigeria. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 35(4), 298–308. https://doi.org/10.1111/hir.12242

Kraft, J. M., Kulkarni, A., Hsia, J., Jamieson, D. J., & Warner, L. (2012). Sex education and adolescent sexual behavior: Do community characteristics matter? Contraception, 86(3), 276–280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2012.01.004

Lorimer, K., Flowers, P., Davis, M., & Frankis, J. (2016). Young men who have sex with men’s use of social and sexual media and sex-risk associations: Cross-sectional, online survey across four countries. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 92(5), 371–376. https://doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2015-052209

Lou, C., Cheng, Y., Gao, E., Zuo, X., Emerson, M. R., & Zabin, L. S. (2012). Media’s contribution to sexual knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors for adolescents and young adults in Three Asian Cities. Journal of Adolescent Health, 50(3 SUPPL.). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.12.009

Luthfia, A. (2010). M M Co M M Un Ic At Io G . Bl Og Sk Y . Co M M M Co M M Un Ic At Io G . Og Sk.

Matziou, V., Perdikaris, P., Petsios, K., Gymnopoulou, E., Galanis, P., & Brokalaki, H. (2009). Greek students’ knowledge and sources of information regarding sex education. International Nursing Review, 56(3), 354–360. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-7657.2009.00727.x

Mosavi, S. A., Babazadeh, R., Najmabadi, K. M., & Shariati, M. (2014). Assessing iranian adolescent girls’ needs for sexual and reproductive health information. Journal of Adolescent Health, 55(1), 107–113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.11.029

Nelson, K. M., Pantalone, D. W., & Carey, M. P. (2019). Sexual Health Education for Adolescent Males Who Are Interested in Sex With Males: An Investigation of Experiences, Preferences, and Needs. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(1), 36–42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.07.015

Notroboto, H. (2014). FACTORS AFFECTING SEXUAL BEHAVIOR IN ADOLESCENT PREMARITAL betrothed. Biometrika Dan Kependudukan, 140–147. Retrieved from

Peterson, J., Pearce, P. F., Ferguson, L. A., & Langford, C. A. (2016). Understanding scoping reviews: Definition, purpose, and process. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 29(1), 12–16. https://doi.org/10.1002/2327-6924.12380

Pratama, E., Hayati, S., & Supriatin, E. (2014). Hubungan Pengetahuan Remaja Tentang Pendidikan Seks dengan Perilaku Seks Pranikah pada Remaja di SMA Z Kota Bandung. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan, II(2), 149–156. Retrieved from http://ejournal.bsi.ac.id/assets/files/Jurnal_Keperawatan_Vol._II_No_2_September_2014_Egy_Pratama,_Sri_Hayati,_Eva_Supriatin_149-156_.pdf

Rawson, H. A., & Liamputtong, P. (2010). Culture and sex education: The acquisition of sexual knowledge for a group of Vietnamese Australian young women. Ethnicity and Health, 15(4), 343–364. https://doi.org/10.1080/13557851003728264

Rohrbach, L. A., Berglas, N. F., Jerman, P., Angulo-Olaiz, F., Chou, C. P., & Constantine, N. A. (2015). A rights-based sexuality education curriculum for adolescents: 1-year outcomes from a cluster-randomized trial. Journal of Adolescent Health, 57(4), 399–406. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.07.004

Sampieri, R. H. (2009). Systematic Reviews : CRD’s guidance for undertaking reviews in health care.

Thammaraksa, P., Powwattana, A., Lagampan, S., & Thaingtham, W. (2014). Helping teachers conduct sex education in secondary schools in Thailand: Overcoming culturally sensitive barriers to sex education. Asian Nursing Research, 8(2), 99–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2014.04.001

Thato, R., Jenkins, R. A., & Dusitsin, N. (2008). Effects of the culturally-sensitive comprehensive sex education programme among Thai secondary school students. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62(4), 457–469. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04609.x

Von Rosen, A. J., Von Rosen, F. T., Tinnemann, P., & Müller-Riemenschneider, F. (2017). Sexual health and the Internet: Cross-sectional study of online preferences among adolescents. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 19(11), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.7068

Widyatuti, Hafilah Shabrina, C., & Yuni Nursasi, A. (2018). Correlation between parent-adolescent communication and adolescents’ premarital sex risk. Enfermeria Clinica, 28, 51–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1130-8621(18)30036-6

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31101/ijhst.v2i3.1957

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 509 times
PDF - 174 times

Cited By


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Health Science and Technology

International Journal of Health Science and Technology

Indexing by :
Universitas 'Aisyiyah (UNISA) Yogyakarta
Kampus Terpadu: Jalan Siliwangi (Ring Road Barat) No. 63, Nogotirto, Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55292, Indonesia
Telepon: (+62274) 4469199
Fax.: (+62274) 4469204
Email: ijhst@unisayogya.ac.id

Lisensi Creative Commons
International Journal of Health Science and Technology is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License..