Title:


Determinant analysis of bullying among school-age children in Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Author:


Mail Nina Dwi Lestari(1*)
Mail Ensi Qoriati Ningrum(2)
Mail Karisma Puspita Tri Anggraini(3)

(1) Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author
10.31101/jhtam.1397| Abstract views : 1111 | PDF views : 447

Abstract


Bullying is a very common, complex, and potentially damaging among school-age children. This incidence has increased from year to year, especially in Yogyakarta. This study aims to determine the factors that influence the occurrence of bullying among school-age children in Yogyakarta. The research method used was quantitative with a cross-sectional design in 114 school-age children in the elementary schools in Yogyakarta. The samples were taken by simple random sampling technique. The research instrument uses a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the Chi-Square Test. The results showed that the bullying incidence was 51.8% dominated by the type of physical bullying which amounted to 62.7%. There were no significant relationship between sex (p-value = 0, 490), parenting style (p-value = 0778) with the incidence of bullying in school-age children. There were significant relationships between school factors (p-value = 0.001), peers (p-value = 0.024), intensity of watching television shows (p-value = 0.026) with the incidence of bullying in school-age children. It is expected that schools and community health nurses have a role in controlling bullying that occurs in schools

Keywords


School- Age Children;Bullying;Parenting Style;Television;School Factors;Peer Group;

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abadiyah, S.S. & Lestari.ND (2018). Teacher’s Perceptios of Bullying Among School Age Children. Malaysian Jornal of Public Health Medicine Vol 18 (Supplement 2).2018 (https://www.mjphm.org.my/mjphm/journals/2018%20%20Volume%2018%20(Suppl.%202)/3rd%20International%20Conference%20Medical%20and%20Health)

AlBuhairan, F., Abou Abbas, O., El Sayed, D., Badri, M., Alshahri, S., & de Vries, N. (2017). The relationship of bullying and physical violence to mental health and academic performance: A cross-sectional study among adolescents in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 4(2), 61–65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpam.2016.12.005

Anifah, F., Dasuki, D., K, H. F., & Triratnawati, A. (2018). Role of family structure and parenting style in adolescent pregnancy in Surabaya , Indonesia. 26(2), 91–97.

Astuti, A. W., Kurniawati, H. F., & Fitriani, H. (2020). Knowledge about Sexual and Reproductive Health ( SRH ), Practice of Premarital Sexual Relationship and Pregnancy among Indonesian Adolescents : A Qualitative Exploratory Study. 29(7), 191–204.

Biswas, T., Scott, J. G., Munir, K., Thomas, H. J., Huda, M. M., Hasan, M. M., … Mamun, A. A. (2020). Global variation in the prevalence of bullying victimisation amongst adolescents: Role of peer and parental supports. EClinicalMedicine, 20, 100276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100276

Bowes, L., Maughan, B., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., & Arseneault, L. (2010). Families promote emotional and behavioural resilience to bullying: Evidence of an environmental effect. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 51(7), 809–817. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2010.02216.x

Brzezinski, M. S. (2016). Gender differences in bullying and perceptions of bullying. Rowan University.

Butler, K. (2018). Family Quality of Life in Practice: a Practical Application of the Fqol-2006 Survey. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies, 9(4), 40–48. https://doi.org/10.18357/ijcyfs94201818639

Eriksen, T. L. M., Nielsen, H. S., & Simonsen, M. (2012). The Effects of Bullying in Elementary School. Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet. Economics Working Papers, No. 2012-16

Hong, J. S., & Espelage, D. L. (2012). A review of research on bullying and peer victimization in school: An ecological system analysis. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 17(4), 311–322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2012.03.003

Hong, J. S., Espelage, D. L., & Rose, C. A. (2019). Bullying, Peer Victimization, and Child and Adolescent Health: An Introduction to the Special Issue. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28(9), 2329–2334. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01502-9

Hoskins, D. H. (2014). Consequences of Parenting on Adolescent Outcomes. 506–531. https://doi.org/10.3390/soc4030506

Kavanagh, A., Priest, N., Emerson, E., Milner, A., & King, T. (2018). Gender, parental education, and experiences of bullying victimization by Australian adolescents with and without a disability. Child: Care, Health and Development, 44(2), 332–341. https://doi.org/10.1111/cch.12545

Khamis, V. (2015). Bullying among school-age children in the greater Beirut area: Risk and protective factors. Child Abuse and Neglect, 39, 137–146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2014.08.005

Komisi Perlindungan Anak (KPAI) (2015). Kasus Bullying dan Pendidikan Karakter. Diakses dari www.kpai.go.id.

Markkanen, I., Välimaa, R., & Kannas, L. (2019). Forms of Bullying and Associations Between School Perceptions and Being Bullied Among Finnish Secondary School Students Aged 13 and 15. International Journal of Bullying Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42380-019-00058-y

Menesini, E., & Salmivalli, C. (2017). Bullying in schools: the state of knowledge and effective interventions. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 22, 240–253. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2017.1279740

O’Brien, C. (2011). Young people’s comparisons of cross-gender and same-gender bullying in British secondary schools. Educational Research, 53(3), 257–301. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131881.2011.598658

Plexousakis, S. S., Kourkoutas, E., Giovazolias, T., Chatira, K., & Nikolopoulos, D. (2019). School bullying and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms: The role of parental bonding. Frontiers in Public Health, 7(APR), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00075

Raven, S; Jurkiewicz, M.A (2014). Preservice Secondary Science Teachers' Experiences and Ideas about Bullying in Science Classrooms. Science Educator, Vol 23.No.1.p 65-72 Sum 2014

Rech et al (2013). Prevalence and characteristics of victims and perpetrators of bullying. Journal the Pediatria Vol 89 No 2, March 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.jped.2013.03.006

Rigby.K (2013). Bullying in Schools and its Relation to Parenting and Family Life. Family Matters No 92.2013

Shetgiri, R., Lin, H., Avila, R. M., & Flores, G. (2012). Parental characteristics associated with bullying perpetration in us Children aged 10 to 17 years. American Journal of Public Health, 102(12), 2280–2286. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2012.300725

Silva, M. A. I., Pereira, B., Mendonça, D., Nunes, B., & de Oliveira, W. A. (2013). The involvement of girls and boys with bullying: An analysis of gender differences. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(12), 6820–6831. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10126820

Umianita Risca Wulandari, Budihastuti, U. R., & Pamungkasari, E. P. (2017). Analysis of Life-Course Factors Influencing Growth and Development in Children under 3 Years Old of Early Marriage Women in Kediri. Journal of Maternal and Child Health, 02(02), 137–149. https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2017.02.02.05




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31101/jhtam.1397

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1111 times
PDF - 447 times

Cited By

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Nina Dwi Lestari, Ensi Qoriati Ningrum, Karisma Puspita Tri Anggraini

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Journal of Health Technology Assessment in Midwifery

Indexing by

GarudaSinta Google Scholar Crossref DimensionsDOAJ


Universitas 'Aisyiyah (UNISA) Yogyakarta
Kampus Terpadu: Jl. Siliwangi (Ring Road Barat) No. 63, Nogotirto, Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55292 
Telepon: (0274) 4469199
Fax.: (0274) 4469204
Email: jhtam@unisayogya.ac.id


View My Stats