Correlation of APGAR family with mental health: an observational study in Indonesia
Keywords:APGAR family, family function, mental health
AbstractMental health disorders adversely affect their general health and quality of life (Wang et al., 2020). In Indonesia, the prevalence in 2018 was 6.1%, and mental-emotional disorders were 9.8% (Kemenkes RI, 2019). A systematic review reported that in many studies, it is stated that the family has a protective role against mental health disorders or behaviors that affect mental health in general (Wlodarczyk et al., 2017). Studies specifically evaluating the effect of family functioning on mental health in the presence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress are limited. This study used a cross-sectional study design, evaluating the relationship between family functioning and mental health at one time. This study outputs data from Field Lab activities in the Public Health and Family Medicine Block and Life Skills Block in two different batches in 2020 and 2021 at the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. A total of 1475 research subjects voluntarily participated in this study. In this study, multivariate analysis of statistically consistent variables highly significant on depression, anxiety, and stress is APGAR Family, with p values of 0.000, 0.000, and 0.001, respectively. The second statistically consistent variable is a significant - highly significant effect on the level of depression, anxiety, and stress with p values of 0.001, 0.015, and 0.001, respectively. A dysfunctional family and unmarriedness are consistent risk factors for depression, anxiety, and stress disorders.
Blom, V., LÃ¶nn, A., Ekblom, B., Kallings, L. V., VÃ¤isÃ¤nen, D., Hemmingsson, E., Andersson, G., Wallin, P., Stenling, A., Ekblom, Ã–., Lindwall, M., Eriksson, J. S., Holmlund, T., & Ekblom-Bak, E. (2021). Lifestyle habits and mental health in light of the two covid-19 pandemic waves in sweden, 2020. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(6), 1â€“19. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063313
Bortes, C., Strandh, M., & Nilsson, K. (2019). Is the effect of ill health on school achievement among Swedish adolescents gendered? SSM - Population Health, 8(March), 100408. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100408
Chen, J., Xu, D., & Wu, X. (2019). Seeking Help for Mental Health Problems in Hong Kong: The Role of Family. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 46(2), 220â€“237. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10488-018-0906-6
Cheung, R. Y. M., Leung, M. C., Chiu, H. T., Kwan, J. L. Y., Yee, L. T. S., & Hou, W. K. (2019). Family functioning and psychological outcomes in emerging adulthood: Savoring positive experiences as a mediating mechanism. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 36(9), 2693â€“2713. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407518798499
Desyawalsah, D. M., Dicky Santosa, & Susan Fitriyana. (2023). Hubungan Skor APGAR Keluarga dengan Kualitas Hidup Penderita MDR TB di Poli MDR TB RSUD SMC Kabupaten Tasikmalaya. Bandung Conference Series: Medical Science, 3(1), 351â€“355. https://doi.org/10.29313/bcsms.v3i1.6066
Fekadu, W., Mihiretu, A., Craig, T. K. J., & Fekadu, A. (2019). Multidimensional impact of severe mental illness on family members: Systematic review. BMJ Open, 9(12), 1â€“12. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032391
Fernandez-Canani, M. A., Burga-Cachay, S. C., & Valladares-Garrido, M. J. (2022). Association between Family Dysfunction and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in School Students during the Second COVID-19 Epidemic Wave in Peru. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(15). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159343
GarcÃa-Ãlvarez, L., de la Fuente-TomÃ¡s, L., GarcÃa-Portilla, M. P., SÃ¡iz, P. A., Lacasa, C. M., Santo, F. D., GonzÃ¡lez-Blanco, L., Bobes-BascarÃ¡n, M. T., GarcÃa, M. V., VÃ¡zquez, C. Ã., Iglesias, Ã. V., Cao, C. M., FernÃ¡ndez, A. G., FernÃ¡ndez, M. T. B., FernÃ¡ndez, A. P., Revuelta, J. R., Zazo, E. S., Madera, P. Z., Ãlvarez, M. S., â€¦ Bobes, J. (2020). Early psychological impact of the 2019 Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and lockdown in a large Spanish sample. Journal of Global Health, 10(2), 1â€“15. https://doi.org/10.7189/jogh.10.020505
GonzÃ¡lvez, C., DÃaz-Herrero, Ã., SanmartÃn, R., Vicent, M., PÃ©rez-SÃ¡nchez, A. M., & GarcÃa-FernÃ¡ndez, J. M. (2019). Identifying risk profiles of school refusal behavior: Differences in social anxiety and family functioning among spanish adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(19). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193731
Jurado, M. del M. M., PÃ©rez-Fuentes, M. del C., MartÃn, A. B. B., Salvador, R. M. del P., & Linares, J. J. G. (2019). Analysis of the relationship between emotional intelligence, resilience, and family functioning in adolescentsâ€™ sustainable use of alcohol and Tobacco. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(10). https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102954
Kemenkes RI. (2019). Laporan Nasional Riskesdas 2018. In Lembaga Penerbit Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (LPB (Vol. 3).
Khotibuddin, M., & Shellia, R. (2022). The Role of Family Function and Support to Nutritional Status in Autistic Children. Mutiara Medika: Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan, 22(1), 50â€“56. https://doi.org/10.18196/mmjkk.v22i1.11598
Kroplewski, Z., SzczeÅ›niak, M., FurmaÅ„ska, J., & GÃ³jska, A. (2019). Assessment of family functioning and eating disorders - the mediating role of self-esteem. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(APR), 1â€“13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00921
Kurniawidjaja, M., Susilowati, I. H., Erwandi, D., Kadir, A., Hasiholan, B. P., & Al Ghiffari, R. (2022). Identification of Depression Among Elderly During COVID-19. Journal of Primary Care and Community Health, 13. https://doi.org/10.1177/21501319221085380
Larasati, T., & Eiska, L. R. (2023). Analysis of Frailty Syndrome in Elderly Farmers. Review of Primary Care Practice and Education (Kajian Praktik Dan Pendidikan Layanan Primer), 6(1), 22â€“27.
Lee, J. Y., Kim, J. S., Kim, S. S., Jeong, J. K., Yoon, S. J., Kim, S. J., & Lee, S. M. (2019). Relationship between health behaviors and marital adjustment and marital intimacy in multicultural family female immigrants. Korean Journal of Family Medicine, 40(1), 31â€“38. https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.17.0059
Mallaram, G., Shaik, S., & Kattula, D. (2023). Anxiety, depression and stress among female medical students during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic and their association with family functioning, coping and personality. Current Medical Issues, 21(1), 31. https://doi.org/10.4103/cmi.cmi_81_22
Martono, Akhyar, M., Pamungkasari, E. P., Lestari, A., Anantanyu, S., & Setyowati, R. (2023). Implementation of the family health promotion model (fhpm) on family commitment in tb transmission preventive action among the heads of familiesof tb patients: a structural model. Proceedings of the International Conference on Nursing and Health Sciences, 4(1), 31â€“44.
Masud, R., Anjum, A. F., Khokhar, A., Naiyar, I., Ayaz, H., Azhar, R., Azeem, M., Irfan, R., Azam, S., Shoaib, S., Hashmi, S. N., & Laique, T. (2021). The Influence of Covid-19 Lockdown on Body Mass Index, Depression, Anxiety and Stress among Medical Students. Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 15(5), 1482â€“1484. https://doi.org/10.53350/pjmhs211551482
Mutmainah, A., Kusnanto, H., & Hilman, O. (2018). The Effect of Family APGAR Score on Depression Rate in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients at First-Level Health Facilities. Review of Primary Care Practice and Education (Kajian Praktik Dan Pendidikan Layanan Primer), 1(2), 62. https://doi.org/10.22146/rpcpe.36211
Muttaqin, D., & Ripa, S. (2021). Psychometric properties of the Indonesian version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale: Factor structure, reliability, gender, and age measurement invariance. Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi, 6(1), 61â€“76. https://doi.org/10.21580/pjpp.v6i1.7815
Odriozola-GonzÃ¡lez, P., Planchuelo-GÃ³mez, Ã., Irurtia, M. J., & de Luis-GarcÃa, R. (2020). Psychological effects of the COVID-19 outbreak and lockdown among students and workers of a Spanish university. Psychiatry Research, 290(May), 113108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113108
Orfei, M. D., Bossi, F., Dâ€™Arcangelo, S., Maggi, F., Lattanzi, N., Malizia, A. P., & Ricciardi, E. (2022). Mental health in the post-lockdown pandemic phase: Relief or exacerbation of psychological distress? A cross-sectional study in the general population in Italy. Acta Psychologica, 225(March), 103555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2022.103555
Padial-Ruz, R., PÃ©rez-Turpin, J. A., Cepero-GonzÃ¡lez, M., & Zurita-Ortega, F. (2020). Effects of physical self-concept, emotional isolation, and family functioning on attitudes towards physical education in adolescents: Structural equation analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010094
Panganiban-Corales, A. T., & Medina, M. F. (2011a). Family resources study: Part 1: Family resources, family function and caregiver strain in childhood cancer. Asia Pacific Family Medicine, 10(1), 14. https://doi.org/10.1186/1447-056X-10-14
Panganiban-Corales, A. T., & Medina, M. F. (2011b). Family resources study: Part 1: Family resources, family function and caregiver strain in childhood cancer. Asia Pacific Family Medicine, 10(1), 1â€“11. https://doi.org/10.1186/1447-056X-10-14
Ridwan, E. S., Sarwadhamana, R. J., & Rofiati, W. (2022). Measuring family functioning : validation and adaptation APGAR into Indonesian. JNKI (Jurnal Ners Dan Kebidanan Indonesia) (Indonesian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery), 10(4).
RodrÃguez-Snchez, E., Mora-SimÃ¡n, S., Porras-Santos, N., Patino-Alonso, M. C., Recio-RodrÃguez, J. I., Becerro-MÅ©oz, C., PÃ©rez-Arechaederra, D., Gomez-Marcos, M. A., & Garcia-Ortiz, L. (2010). Effectiveness of an intervention in groups of family caregivers of dependent patients for their application in primary health centers. Study protocol. BMC Public Health, 10, 1â€“6. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-10-559
Romadhon, Y. A., & Sintowati, R. (2021). Interaksi Pengaruh Faktor Demografis, Biologis, Keluarga, dan Lingkungan Kronobiologis Pada Tingkat Depresi dan Ansietas. The 13th University Research Colloqium 2021 Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Muhammadiyah Klaten, 576, 297â€“306.
Salazar, A., Palomo-Osuna, J., de Sola, H., Moral-Munoz, J. A., DueÃ±as, M., & Failde, I. (2021). Psychological impact of the lockdown due to the covid-19 pandemic in university workers: Factors related to stress, anxiety, and depression. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084367
Susanti, B., Claramita, M., & Istiono, W. (2022). Relationship of Family Function to the Quality of Life of Persons with Disabilities. Review of Primary Care Practice and Education (Kajian Praktik Dan Pendidikan Layanan Primer), 5(1), 33. https://doi.org/10.22146/rpcpe.33915
Tamayo-Aguledo, W., Acosta-Ortiz, A., Hamid, A., GÃ³mez-GarcÃa, C., GarcÃa-DurÃ¡n, M. C., Daccach-GonzÃ¡lez, V., Solmi, F., & Bell, V. (2022). Family functioning but not social capital is associated with better mental health in adolescents affected by violence and displacement by armed conflict in Colombia. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 68(8), 1598â€“1606. https://doi.org/10.1177/00207640211045417
Wang, Q., Liu, H., Ren, Z., Xiong, W., He, M., Li, N., Fan, X., Guo, X., Li, X., Shi, H., Zha, S., & Zhang, X. (2020). The associations of family functioning, general well-being, and exercise with mental health among end-stage renal disease patients. Psychiatry Investigation, 17(4), 356â€“365. https://doi.org/10.30773/pi.2019.0204
Wilkerson, J. E., Bailey, J. M., Bieniasz, M. E., Murray, S. I., & Ruffin, M. T. (2009). Psychosocial factors in risk of cervical intraepithelial lesions. Journal of Womenâ€™s Health, 18(4), 513â€“518. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2008.0982
Wlodarczyk, O., Schwarze, M., Rumpf, H. J., Metzner, F., & Pawils, S. (2017). Protective mental health factors in children of parents with alcohol and drug use disorders: A systematic review. PLoS ONE, 12(6), 1â€“15. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0179140
How to Cite
International Journal of Health Science and Technology allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to its articles' full texts and allows readers to use them for any other lawful purpose. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions. Finally, the journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions
- Authors are allowed to archive their submitted article in an open access repository
- Authors are allowed to archive the final published article in an open access repository with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 Generic License.