Factors associated with academic motivation in nursing students: A cross-sectional study

Authors

  • Tuan Van Nguyen Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy
  • Wantonoro Wantonoro Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta
  • Huynh Xuan Thi Nguyen Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy
  • My Ngoc Thi Huynh Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy
  • Manh Truc Huynh Nguyen Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy
  • Minh Quang Le Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy
  • Thu Minh Vo Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy
  • Loc Van Huynh Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy
  • Phuong Viet Nguyen Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy
  • Thuy Hong Nguyen Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31101/jkk.3027

Keywords:

academic motivation, nursing education, nursing students, vietnames

Abstract

Academic motivation encourages people to participate in learning activities and directs, maintains, and determines the intensity of learning behaviors. Therefore, nursing students require high-quality academic motivation to continuously and effectively improve their medical knowledge and skills continuously and effectively. This study measures nursing students' academic motivation and identifies the associated factors. A cross-sectional study design was used. The total sample included 237 undergraduate nursing students. The data were collected from October to November 2022 in a public university located in Southwestern Vietnam. The level of academic motivation was measured using the Vietnamese version of the Academic Motivation Scale. The data were analyzed using the independent Student's t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and regression analysis. The study showed that nursing students had high academic motivation. However, there were still more than one-third of students (39.3%) whose quality of academic motivation was not good. Through simple linear regression analysis, it showed that appropriate training regulations of the school; getting support/questions answers or good examples in learning from lecturers/medical staff at the clinical practice site; joining a club about learning; intending to teach in the field of nursing, ability to deal with difficulties were the factors that affect nursing students' academic motivation. Many associated factors influence the academic motivation of nursing students. Further effective interventions are needed to address this issue.

References

A. Anaman-Torgbor, J., Tarkang, E., Adedia, D., Maxwell Attah, O., Evans, A., & Sabina, N. (2021). Academic-Related Stress Among Ghanaian Nursing Students. Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing, 29(3), 263–270. https://doi.org/10.5152/FNJN.2021.21030

Abdolrezapour, P., Ganjeh, S. J., & Ghanbari, N. (2023). Self-efficacy and resilience as predictors of students’ academic motivation in online education. PLOS ONE, 18(5), e0285984. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0285984

Abu-Baker, N. N., AbuAlrub, S., Obeidat, R. F., & Assmairan, K. (2021). Evidence-based practice beliefs and implementations: A cross-sectional study among undergraduate nursing students. BMC Nursing, 20(1), 13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-020-00522-x

Alghamdi, S., Aljabri, S., Jafari, G., Alzebali, R., Alkunaidiri, N., & Kalantan, N. (2019). Sources of Stress Among Undergraduate Nursing Students. Global Journal of Health Science, 11, 116. https://doi.org/10.5539/gjhs.v11n9p116

Alkaissi, A., Said, N., Qadous, S., Alkony, M., & Almahmoud, O. (2023). Factors associated with perceived resilience among unergraduate nursing students: Findings of the first cross-sectional study in Palestine. BMC Nursing, 22. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-023-01325-6

Al-Osaimi, D. N., & Fawaz, M. (2022). Nursing students’ perceptions on motivation strategies to enhance academic achievement through blended learning: A qualitative study. Heliyon, 8(7), e09818. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e09818

Amsrud, K. E., Lyberg, A., & Severinsson, E. (2019). Development of resilience in nursing students: A systematic qualitative review and thematic synthesis. Nurse Education in Practice, 41, 102621. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2019.102621

An, N., Thị, T., Huyá»n, M., Phan, V., Thắng, M., PhÆ°Æ¡ng, V., Phúc, A., Äặng, T., Hà , X., Thi, N., Hòa, N., My, H., Thị, L., Tân, N., Thảo, V., Hồng, T., Lê, H., & Tu. (2021). Study of the factors associated to the academic motivation of the students of Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy.

Berdida, D. J. E. (2023). Resilience and academic motivation’s mediation effects in nursing students’ academic stress and self-directed learning: A multicenter cross-sectional study. Nurse Education in Practice, 69, 103639. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2023.103639

Berdida, D. J. E., & Grande, R. A. N. (2023). Academic stress, COVID-19 anxiety, and quality of life among nursing students: The mediating role of resilience. International Nursing Review, 70(1), 34–42. https://doi.org/10.1111/inr.12774

Black Thomas, L. M. (2022). Stress and depression in undergraduate students during the COVID-19 pandemic: Nursing students compared to undergraduate students in non-nursing majors. Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 38, 89–96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2021.11.013

Cuartero, N., & Tur, A. M. (2021). Emotional intelligence, resilience and personality traits neuroticism and extraversion: Predictive capacity in perceived academic efficacy. Nurse Education Today, 102, 104933. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2021.104933

Dagne, A. H., & Beshah, M. H. (2021). Implementation of evidence-based practice: The experience of nurses and midwives. PLOS ONE, 16(8), e0256600. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0256600

Densen, P. (2011). Challenges and Opportunities Facing Medical Education. Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association, 122, 48–58.

Dje, B. (2023). Resilience and academic motivation’s mediation effects in nursing students’ academic stress and self-directed learning: A multicenter cross-sectional study. Nurse Education in Practice, 69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2023.103639

Fatima, M., Ahmed, S., Jokhio, P. B., Haroon, R., Malhi, L. D., & Rind, A. (2021). Evaluating Nursing Students’ Academic Motivation through Academic Motivational Scale: A Cross-Sectional Study of Two Colleges. Liaquat National Journal of Primary Care, 3. https://doi.org/10.37184/lnjpc.2707-3521.3.8

Giang P. X., & Thảo N. T. P. (2020). Accuracy of a Concept in Quantitative Research. Journal of Science and Technology - IUH, 46(04), Article 04. https://doi.org/10.46242/jst-iuh.v46i04.657

Guillasper, J. N., Oducado, R. M. F., & Soriano, G. P. (2021). Protective role of resilience on COVID-19 impact on the quality of life of nursing students in the Philippines. Belitung Nursing Journal, 7(1), 43–49. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.1297

Hanifi, N., Parvizy, S., & Joolaee, S. (2013). Motivational journey of Iranian bachelor of nursing students during clinical education: A grounded theory study. Nursing & Health Sciences, 15(3), 340–345. https://doi.org/10.1111/nhs.12041

Hwang, E., & Kim, J. (2022). Factors affecting academic burnout of nursing students according to clinical practice experience. BMC Medical Education, 22(1), 346. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-022-03422-7

Javaeed, A., Asghar, A., Allawat, Z., Haider, Q., Mustafa, K. J., & Ghauri, S. K. (2019). Assessment of Academic Motivation Level of Undergraduate Medical Students of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Cureus, 11(3), e4296. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.4296

Karabulut, N., Gurcayir, D., & Yildiz, B. Z. (2021). Effect of Stress on Academic Motivation and Achievement of Students in Nursing Education. 14(1), 372.

Khalaila, R. (2015). The relationship between academic self-concept, intrinsic motivation, test anxiety, and academic achievement among nursing students: Mediating and moderating effects. Nurse Education Today, 35(3), 432–438. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2014.11.001

Kim, Y.-J., Yoo, H., & Park, M. (2016). Effect of Motive for Major Selection on Major Satisfaction, Campus-life Satisfaction, and Self-directed Learning Ability among Nursing Students. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society, 17, 261–270. https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2016.17.10.261

Lavoie-Tremblay, M., Sanzone, L., Aubé, T., & Paquet, M. (2022). Sources of Stress and Coping Strategies Among Undergraduate Nursing Students Across All Years. The Canadian Journal of Nursing Research = Revue Canadienne De Recherche En Sciences Infirmieres, 54(3), 261–271. https://doi.org/10.1177/08445621211028076

Lim, J. (2014). Construction of a Structural Model about Nursing Students’ Academic Motivation, Ego-resilience, and Satisfaction in Major. Journal of The Korean Data Analysis Society, 16(4), 2273–2284.

Mcdermott, R. C., Fruh, S. M., Williams, S., Hauff, C., Graves, R. J., Melnyk, B. M., & Hall, H. R. (2020). Nursing students’ resilience, depression, well-being, and academic distress: Testing a moderated mediation model. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 76(12), 3385–3397. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.14531

Ministry of Education and Training. (2020). Circular Number: 40/2020/TT-BGDÄT about Provisions on Code Numbers, Standards of Contacts, Appointments and Wage Arrangements for Teaching Officers in Public Health Education Institutions. https://lawnet.vn/vb/Thong-tu-40-2020-TT-BGDDT-ma-so-nghe-nghiep-bo-nhiem-vien-chuc-giang-day-trong-co-so-cong-lap-6F61C.html

Nebhinani, M., Kumar, A., Parihar, A., & Rani, R. (2020). Stress and Coping Strategies among Undergraduate Nursing Students: A Descriptive Assessment from Western Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Community Medicine: Official Publication of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine, 45(2), 172–175. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_231_19

Nesje, K. (2015). Nursing students’ prosocial motivation: Does it predict professional commitment and involvement in the job? Journal of Advanced Nursing, 71(1), 115–125. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.12456

Nga H. T. M., & Kiệt N. T. (2016). Factors affecting the motivation in learning of economics students in Can Tho university. Tạp chí Khoa há»c Äại há»c cần ThÆ¡, 46, Article 46. https://doi.org/10.22144/ctu.jvn.2016.575

Nilsson, K. E., & Warrén Stomberg, M. I. (2008). Nursing students motivation toward their studies – a survey study. BMC Nursing, 7(1), 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6955-7-6

Oketch-Oboth, J., & Odiemo, L. (2018). The Relationship Between Levels of Stress and Academic Performance Among University of Nairobi Students. International Journal of Learning and Development, 8. https://doi.org/10.5296/ijld.v8i4.13840

Olabisi, O. I., Bolaji, A., & Azeez, F. (2022). A comparative study on stress, anxiety, and depression amongst medical and nursing students in a Nigerian private university. Tropical Journal of Health Sciences, 29(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.4314/tjhc.v29i1.3

Pallant, J. (2020). SPSS Survival Manual: A step by step guide to data analysis using IBM SPSS (7th ed.). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003117452

Phillips, S. P., Reipas, K., & Zelek, B. (2019). Stresses, Strengths and Resilience in Adolescents: A Qualitative Study. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 40(6), 631–642. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10935-019-00570-3

Rafii, F., Saeedi, M., & Parvizy, S. (2019). Academic Motivation in Nursing Students: A Hybrid Concept Analysis. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 24(5), 315–322. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_177_18

Raza, H., Furqan, M., & Ilham, R. N. (2022). The Effect Of Accounting Study Club And Online-Based Mentoring On Student Academic Achievement With Motivation As An Intervening Variable: An Analysis Of Accounting Student Behavior During The Covid-19 Pandemic. Journal of Positive School Psychology, 6(8), Article 8.

Reeve, J. (2017). Understanding Motivation and Emotion, 7th Edition. John Wiley & Sons.

Roth, G. (2019). Beyond the Quantity of Motivation: Quality of Motivation in Self-Determination Theory (pp. 39–49). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-13788-5_3

Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-Determination Theory and the Facilitation of Intrinsic Motivation, Social Development, and Well-Being. American Psychologist.

Saeedi, M., & Parvizy, S. (2019). Strategies to promote academic motivation in nursing students: A qualitative study. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 8, 86. https://doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_436_18

Schönfeld, P., Brailovskaia, J., & Margraf, J. (2017). Positive and negative mental health across the lifespan: A cross-cultural comparison. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 17(3), 197–206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2017.06.003

Shakurnia, H., Alijani, H., Jundishapur, A., & Niakankalhori, S. (2015). Nursing students motivations and satisfaction, Do the motivation and satisfaction of nursing students change during their study years? Phd student in medical education. Journal of Health, Medicine and Nursing, 13.

Somaratne, C., Jayawardena, L. N. A. C., & Perera, B. (2017). Impact of adversity quotient on stress levels of middle-level managers of non-governmental organisation (NGO) sector. Tropical Agricultural Research, 29, 45. https://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v29i1.8296

Stoltz, P. G. (2001). Adversity Quotient: Turning Obstacles Into Opportunities. John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated.

Sweeney, A. B. (2021). Transitional challenges in a two-plus-two nursing program: Phenomenology of student experiences. Nurse Education in Practice, 54, 103139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2021.103139

Taşkın Yılmaz, F., Sabancıoğulları, S., & Karakoç Kumsar, A. (2016). Motivation in the first year of nursing education: It’s relationship with professional self-concept, selfesteem. https://doi.org/10.17352/anpc.000014

Thao, N. T. P., Hien, H. T. T., Hieu, N. S., Long, P. T., Anh, N. D. Q., & Duc, P. M. (2021). Quality Assessment of Student’s Academic Clubs at Hue University Of Medicine and Pharmacy. No. 38, February 2021, 38(38), 45–49.

Torbergsen, H., Utvær, B. K., & Haugan, G. (2023). Nursing students’ perceived autonomy-support by teachers affects their intrinsic motivation, study effort, and perceived learning outcomes. Learning and Motivation, 81, 101856. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lmot.2022.101856

Tran, T. D., Le, T. T., Nguyen, T. H., & Thai, L. A. (2019). Academic motivation among under graduate nursing students at Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy in 2018. https://jns.vn/index.php/journal/article/view/162

Tung, Y.-J., Lo, K. K. H., Ho, R. C. M., & Tam, W. S. W. (2018). Prevalence of depression among nursing students: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Nurse Education Today, 63, 119–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2018.01.009

Ursachi, G., Horodnic, I. A., & Zait, A. (2015). How Reliable are Measurement Scales? External Factors with Indirect Influence on Reliability Estimators. Procedia Economics and Finance, 20, 679–686. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(15)00123-9

Vallerand, R., Pelletier, L., Blais, M., Brière, N., Senécal, C., & Vallieres, E. (1992). The Academic Motivation Scale: A Measure of Intrinsic, Extrinsic, and Amotivation in Education. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 52, 1003–1003. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164492052004025

Vansteenkiste, M., Lens, W., & Deci, E. L. (2006). Intrinsic Versus Extrinsic Goal Contents in Self-Determination Theory: Another Look at the Quality of Academic Motivation. Educational Psychologist, 41(1), 19–31. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15326985ep4101_4

Wang, Q.-H. (2019). Learning Motivation in Nursing Students of Chinese: A Phenomenological Research Study. The General Surgeon, 1.

World Medical Association. (2013). World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. JAMA, 310(20), 2191–2194. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2013.281053

Yun, M. R., Lim, E. J., Yu, B., & Choi, S. (2020). Effects of Academic Motivation on Clinical Practice-Related Post-Traumatic Growth among Nursing Students in South Korea: Mediating Effect of Resilience. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(13), 4901. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134901

Zheng, Y., Jiao, J.-R., & Hao, W.-N. (2022). Stress levels of nursing students: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Medicine, 101(36), e30547. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000030547

Downloads

Published

2023-06-24

How to Cite

Van Nguyen, T., Wantonoro, W., Thi Nguyen, H. X., Thi Huynh, M. N., Huynh Nguyen, M. T., Le, M. Q., Vo, T. M., Van Huynh, L., Viet Nguyen, P., & Hong Nguyen, T. (2023). Factors associated with academic motivation in nursing students: A cross-sectional study. Jurnal Kebidanan Dan Keperawatan Aisyiyah, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.31101/jkk.3027

Issue

Section

Original Research