Breastfeeding education training program for healthcare professionals: A narrative review


  • Hanifatur Rosyidah Prodi Kebidanan, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung Semarang, Indonesia
  • Sabita Khadka Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Military Sadak, Chandannath , Nepal
  • Sunah Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Semarang, Indonesia



Breastfeeding Education, Healthcare Providers, Breastfeeding Mothers


Lack of knowledge and skills regarding breastfeeding education leads mothers to prefer formula milk over exclusive breastfeeding. Breastfeeding education provided by health professional is needed to support mothers to breastfeed their baby exclusively. Methodology: The methodology employed in this study was a narrative review where the researcher critically examines the ideas presented in several studies regarding breastfeeding education training program for health workers. Articles were selected using inclusion criteria: original research, published in English and Indonesian languages, within the last 5 years (2018-2023). A total of 50 articles were found. Ten articles meeting the inclusion criteria were included in the author's review. Conclusion: Breastfeeding education training programs have an impact on the success of breastfeeding mothers. The more healthcare professionals, especially midwives, understand breastfeeding education, the more breastfeeding mothers will be aware of the importance of breastfeeding for their children.


Abbass-dick, J. et al. (2020) ‘The comparison of access to an eHealth resource to current practice on mother and co-parent teamwork and breastfeeding rates : A randomize d controlle d trial’, 90. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2020.102812.

Abdulahi M, Fretheim A, Argaw A, M.J. (2021) ‘Initiation and Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices and Infant Ethiopian Setting’, Nutrients, pp. 1–15.

Er, M. et al. (2016) ‘Moore ER et al. Early skin-to-skin contact formothers and their healthy newborn infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD003519. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003519.pub4’, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Preprint], (11). doi:10.1002/

Gresh, A. et al. (2019) ‘Caring for Women Experiencing Breast Engorgement: A Case Report’, Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 64(6), pp. 763–768. doi:10.1111/jmwh.13011.

Hodnett, E.D. et al. (2013) ‘Continuous support for women during childbirth’, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2013(7). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003766.pub5.

Id, M.A. et al. (2021) ‘PLOS MEDICINE Evaluation of a community-based mobile video breastfeeding intervention in Khayelitsha , South Africa : The Philani MOVIE cluster-randomized controlled trial’, (November 2018), pp. 1–25. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1003744.

Janmohamed, A. et al. (2020) ‘The effects of community home visit and peer group nutrition intervention delivery platforms on nutrition outcomes in low and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis’, Nutrients, 12(2). doi:10.3390/nu12020440.

Jebraeily, M., Fazlollahi, Z.Z. and Rahimi, B. (2017) ‘The most common smartphone applications used by medical students and barriers of using them’, Acta Informatica Medica, 25(4), pp. 232–235. doi:10.5455/aim.2017.25.232-235.

Journal et al. (2022) ‘Efficacy of a breastfeeding support education program for nurses and midwives : a randomized controlled trial.’, International Breastfeeding Journal, 2(1), pp. 1–13. Available at:

Kajdy et al. (2020) ‘Risk factors for anxiety and depression among pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic: a web-based cross-sectional survey’, Medicine, 99(10), pp. 21–27.

Kimani-Murage, E.W. et al. (2017) ‘Effectiveness of home-based nutritional counselling and support on exclusive breastfeeding in urban poor settings in Nairobi: A cluster randomized controlled trial’, Globalization and Health, 13(1), pp. 1–16. doi:10.1186/s12992-017-0314-9.

Mastorakou, D. et al. (2019) ‘Sensory characteristics of human milk: Association between mothers’ diet and milk for bitter taste’, Journal of Dairy Science, 102(2), pp. 1116–1130. doi:10.3168/jds.2018-15339.

Mufdlilah, Johan and Fitriani (2018) ‘The Mother’s Perception in Giving Exclusive Breastmilk’, Journal of Midwifery Research Indonesia, 2(2), pp. 38–44. Available at:

Reverri, E.J. et al. (2022) ‘Young Child Nutrition: Knowledge and Surveillance Gaps across the Spectrum of Feeding’, Nutrients, 14(15), pp. 1–10. doi:10.3390/nu14153093.

Seyyedi, Navisa et al. (2021) ‘Effectiveness of a smartphone-based educational intervention to improve breastfeeding’, pp. 1–8.

Shafaei, Mirghafourvand and Havizari (2020) ‘The effect of prenatal counseling on breastfeeding self-efficacy and frequency of breastfeeding problems in mothers with previous unsuccessful breastfeeding: A randomized controlled clinical trial.’, BMC Women’s Health, 20(1), pp. 1–10. Available at:

Suryavanshi et al. (2020) ‘A mobile health-facilitated behavioural intervention for community health workers improves exclusive breastfeeding and early infant HIV diagnosis in India: a cluster randomized trial.’, Journal of the International AIDS Society, 23(7), pp. 1–19. Available at:

Tewabe et al. (2016) ‘Exclusive breastfeeding practice and associated factors among mothers in Motta town, East Gojjam zone, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia, 2015: A cross-sectional study’, International Breastfeeding Journal, 12(1), p. 12. Available at:

Wallace, L.M. et al. (2018) ‘Nurse Education in Practice Educational videos for practitioners attending Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative workshops supporting breastfeeding positioning , attachment and hand expression skills : E ff ects on knowledge and con fi dence’, Nurse Education in Practice, 31(April), pp. 7–13. doi:10.1016/j.nepr.2018.04.005.

Wang, T., Shang, M. and Chow, K.M. (2023) ‘Effects of breastfeeding training programmes for midwives on breastfeeding outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis’, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 23(1), pp. 1–18. doi:10.1186/s12884-023-05540-6.

World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (2022) Exclusively breastfeed. Available at:




How to Cite

Rosyidah, H., Khadka, S., & Sunah. (2024). Breastfeeding education training program for healthcare professionals: A narrative review. Journal of Health Technology Assessment in Midwifery, 7(1), 43–49.




Citation Check

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.